(1) Rolling Resistance test - Rolling Resistance tests conducted on machine by Applus Idiada, on Michelin's request, June (on new) & August (on 2mm buffed) 2020, on dimension 205/55 R16 91V, comparing MICHELIN e.PRIMACY (new: 5.58kg/t & worn: 5.13kg/t) versus MICHELIN PRIMACY 4 (new: 7.74kg/t & worn: 6.25kg/t) ; BRIDGESTONE TURANZA T005 (new: 7.17kg/t & worn: 5.81kg/t) ; CONTINENTAL ECOCONTACT 6 (new: 6.39kg/t & worn: 5.49kg/t) ; CONTINENTAL PREMIUM CONTACT 6 (new: 8,93kg/t & worn: 6,94kg/t) ; DUNLOP BLURESPONSE (new: 7.97kg/t & worn: 5.54kg/t) ; GOODYEAR EFFICIENT GRIP 2 (new: 7.01kg/t & worn: 5.38kg/t) ; PIRELLI CINTURATO P7 BLUE (new: 6.96kg/t & worn: 6.30kg/t) ; PIRELLI CINTURATO P7 (new: 8.79kg/t & worn: 6.97kg/t).
(2) « Increased fuel savings - During usage, MICHELIN e.PRIMACY generates 1.5kg/t on average Rolling Resistance less than competitors, gain is equivalent of up to €80 savings on fuel. This gain is equivalent of up to 174kg of CO2 saved. Usage gains are estimated on the average of new and buffed 2mm datas to take into account real life time performance -All gains are estimated on a base of 35,000km and a fuel price of €1.46/L (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/data-analysis/weekly-oil-bulletin_en 6/1/2020 weighted on the top 10 countries for motor vehicle movements on national and foreign territory - https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/transport/data/database). Actual fuel and cost savings may vary depending notably on driving habits, vehicle or tyre pressure.
(3) Increased EV battery range and CO2 reduction - When new, MICHELIN e.PRIMACY generates 2kg/t on average Rolling Resistance less than competitors, equivalent in fuel consumption reduction of up to 0.21l/100km, equivalent of a gain in CO2 emission up to 5g for a VW Golf 7 1.5 TSI or equivalent of gain of up to 7% in autonomy for a VW e.Golf.
(4) Source : Michelin study, 2008 : 2008-01-0154 - Reducing Tire Rolling Resistance to Save Fuel and Lower Emissions, by Jerome Barrand and Jason Bokar, page 4 : ‘On average it can be assumed that 1 tank of fuel out of 5 is consumed due to the tires for passenger cars’
(5) Michelin internal study, 23/11/2020 : average tyre mass loss weighted by volumes between 2015 and 2020, ‘In addition, Michelin has reduced its fine particle emissions by 5%’
(6) ADAC report, December 2021, Tyre abrasion: wear and burden on the environment, page 2 : average tyre wear (g/1000km) : Michelin 90 vs average competitors Vredestein 100, Goodyear 109, Falken 114, Hankook 118, Dunlop 119, Semperit 119, Toyo 119, Kumho 120, Sava 120, Continental 126, Maxxis 128, Bridgestone 130, Nokian 134, Pirelli 134. ‘Michelin came out with a lower abrasion rate than its competitors, around 30%’